Pulka is one of the most important food items used in Indian cuisine. Lately, many people have been eating Pulkas for the second time. Usually it is first half roasted on a pan and then fully roasted on a direct flame on a gas stove.
Pulka is one of the most important food items used in Indian cuisine. Lately, many people have been eating Pulkas for the second time. Usually it is first half roasted on a pan and then fully roasted on a direct flame on a gas stove. But this question started to arise after some studies came out recently that this method of cooking pulka is not safe.
These studies suggest that high-temperature burning of pulka directly on the stove leads to the release of heterocyclic amines (HCAs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAs), which are also known to be carcinogenic. In such a situation, let’s learn how to bake pulka.
According to this study, published in the Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, natural gas stoves and cooktops release carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, some dangerous substances, which are considered by the WHO to cause respiratory diseases. These are substances that cause cardiovascular problems as well as cancer and other health related diseases.
Not only this, a study titled Nutrition and Cancer was also published in the journal, in which it was stated that roasting pulka at high temperature produces carcinogens. Due to this, the question arose as to whether pulka should be cooked directly on gas or not. Earlier people used to bake chapati or pulka by pressing it with a cloth on the wood stove instead of directly in the fire. But ever since the invention of tongs, people have started cooking pulka directly on fire.
This method is easy and less time consuming. Pulka should be fired from all corners so this is considered the best way. In a report published by the Chief Scientist of Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Dr. Paul Brent says that when wheat bread comes into direct contact with a gas flame, it produces a chemical called acrylamide, a compound of sugar and amino acids. It is caused by heating. Despite the burnt toast, wheat flour also contains some amount of sugars. When these are burned directly on a gas flame, they also produce carcinogenic chemicals. That is why it is completely unsafe for the human body to burn the pulkas directly on the flame like this.
Meat grilled directly on the stove increases the risk of cancer:
According to the study, meat such as beef, pork, fish, chicken should be cooked in a frying pan at a high temperature. But experts say that when burned directly on fire, it also produces cancer-causing chemicals. According to a research paper, 79 percent of 100 cancer patients got cancer from eating barbecued meat. Going by the available data, it is not safe for us to consume directly gassed pulka. But more studies are needed to be sure whether pulka cooked directly on the flame causes cancer.
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